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TEDzakker
Title:TEDzakker
Category:Utility/Music
Release Date:
Language:English
Size:16K
Machine:PAL Only
Code Type:Machine code
Distribution:Freeware
Notes:Coded by Hermit.
  Download:
  1.0:
Download from Plus/4 World
Plus/4 World
Download from Othersi.de
Othersi.de
  External links:
    C64 release
    Pouët.net

User Rating: 10/10 (10 votes)
TEDzakker Title Screenshot

TEDzakker Screenshot


HVTC
TEDzakker Normal Player Example
TEDzakker Bare Player Example
TEDzakker Demo Player Example
TEDzakker Extra Player Example
TEDzakker Light Player Example
TEDzakker Medium Player Example


Publications
News: Commodore Free 91 (Magazine/English) Page 22


Description
TEDzakker Help
==============


I. Introduction:
================

Hi Scene! It's Hermit again with a music-editor, but this time not just for the most famous Commodore-64,
but the Commodore-Plus/4 and Commodore-16 computers too, which are also good demoscene platforms.
Why?! Believe it or not, to my surprise, there were no existing trackers specifically made to run natively on the
Plus4 and C16 TED. There's a port of SIDwinder (C64 by Taki, ported by TLC), a new PC editor Knaecketraecker,
that's all. The rest of Plus4 music were made for SID-card or in assembler, I guess. For me: No way! :)
(I want to actually hear the sounds when I type them in, and I need follow-playback feature as well.)

I think you've guessed already where the name 'TEDzakker' is coming from:
The TED is the all-in-one graphic+sound chip for the Commodore Plus4 and Commodore 16 computers.
This music tracker tries to squeeze out some sound from the TED-chip which has these humble features:
-Two channels: counter-based oscillators with nonlinear 108Hz...55kHz frequency range
(No bass?! That's a pity, though you can find some solutions later if you read on.)
-First channel's oscillator can produce 50% duty-cycle pulse, while the
2nd oscillator can produce the same but it can be switched to whitenoise waveform too.
-Both channels share the same volume ranging from 0..8. (Values 9..F equal to the volume of value 8.)
(You'll see different solutions for this limitation in TEDzakker.)
-The channels can be synchronized. (It's very important to create some interesting new sounds.)

Never mind, I gess I nearly pushed the chip to its limits and you can still get some decent
sounds and tunes from it with some careful tweaking...

Let's see some extra features of TEDzakker in a nutshell:
-maximum 16 subtunes (only 1 on Commodore16), 100 patterns (only 8 on C16), 58 instruments (only 6 on C16)
-6 different player-types for different needs and rastertimes/sizes ('normal','light',etc.)
-TED sound emulation on SID for C64 version (Plus4 music can be composed on C64, TED can be driven by C64)
(some rarely used aspects of TED aren't emulated by SID: ultrasounds, freq.$3FE, phase, 'noiseloop')
-HerMIDI MIDI-interface support (notes can be played, instruments can be selected)
-multispeed call can eat smaller rastertime than the single-speed (50Hz) call
-multispeed is selectable for waveform/frequency/volume tables of each individual instrument
-note-column effects (Slide Up/Down, Vibrato, Sync, Legato, Automatic Tone-Portamento)
-funktempo/tempoprogram programmable by consequent tempo-effects in orderlist
-subtune-jump effect to other subtune in orderlist
-short 1ms whitenoise can be enabled for instruments (crisp soundstarts)
-SYNC and PHASE between the two channels, possible to create ringmod or PWM-like sounds
-bass sounds deeper than A2=108Hz by utilizing 'noiseloop' (sounds a bit thin though, needs doubling)
-main-volume simulation with fade-out support, volume/fadeout can be set externally
-note-volume fade-in/out in instrument-tables to create volume-envelopes (ADSR and the like)
-note-OFF table-indexes (good e.g. for ADSR 'release' simulation)
-different mixing modes to map the virtual volumes of channels to shared volume
-detune/slide effect can be set by instr.table/pattern/orderlist, it is permanent (saving patterns)
-normal/incremental vibrato, balanced vibrato/slide-speed strength in lower octaves
-gentle vibrato-amplitude setting: waits till vibrato returns to zero-crossing, so avoids pitch-drifting
-Instrument load/save support (each instrument has its own individual table)
-Runnable and playable tunes can be exported directly from TEDzakker editor just like workfiles
-Built-in cheatsheet and built-in tutorial/example-tune for all player-types

Comparison of player-types: (Full)
------------------------------------------- Extra Normal Medium Light Demo Bare
Multispeed Entry-Point X X . . . .
Multispeed selectable in Inst.Tables X X . . . .
No frameskipping to reduce rastertime X . . . . .
└Note-volume support at frameskipping - X X . . .
Soundstart 1ms short whitenoise-click X X X . X .
└Soundstart-click volume-setting X X . . . .
Tempoprogram / funktempo support X X X . . .
Subtune-support X X X X . .
└Subtune-jump support X . . . . .
Main-volume simulation X X X . X .
└External main-volume setting X X X . X .
└Main-volume fade-out support X . . . X .
Mixing modes (average/louder/prio.) X X . . . .
Synchronization / Phase support X X X . X .
Packed NOP support (compressed patt.) X X X X X .
Note-column effect support X X X X X .
Orderlist-sequence FX support X X X X X .
└Transpose-effect support X X X X X .
Detune-support X X X X X .
Note-OFF table-indexes X X X . . .
Instrument-table delay-cmd support X X X . . .
Note-volume fade support (envelopes) X X X . X .
Low-frequency 'noiseloop' bass sounds X X . . . .
Portamento and Vibrato support X X X X X .
└Vibrato-restore,Incremental,GentleVib. X X . . . .
Balanced slide/vibrato in low octaves X X . . . .
Size of player-code in bytes (Plus4) $955 $91F $7A7 $5A9 $65C $41B
Approximate maximal rastertime (rows) $24 $1E $1C $18 $17 $11


(Those players above keep backwards compatibility to the weaker ones, except multispeed-operation.)
(You can customize a player by setting individual features in player.asm and reassembling.)
(The player-type rastertime/size and enabled features can also be seen in the menu-screen.)
(On Commodore16 subtunes are not supported for any player-type.)
(When no mixing mode support in a player, 'louder' mixingmode is available only: louder channel wins)
('Demo' player-type is created for the usual needs of demos and sound-extras keeping size/time down.)



II. Usage of the Editor:
========================


First, let's start with a little but important info: In case you get a freeze due to some unreliable
hardware, whatever, you can reset the machine and restart TEDzakker with SYS 4109 on Plus4 and C16,
or SYS 2061 on C64, hopefully keeping your music data untouched...

TEDzakker starts with a menu where you can perform many tasks: load/save workfiles and instruments,
export runnable and playable code (to include in programs), turn on HerMIDI to receive MIDI-notes, load example-tune.
Press the keys 1..E or cursor keys to select options. +/- and cursor-left/right
keys can modify values in menupoints (e.g. relocation target-address),
RETURN/Enter can launch the menupoints. Press F8/Esc/RunStop to exit menu,
and press F8 (HELP/F7 key on real Plus4) in the editor to bring back menu.
Advice: You'd better save your tune as 'Workfile' before any other disk-operations, to be on the safe side.
Note: C16 version doesn't have a menu due to memory limitations. Press HELP(F8) key to load, C=+F8 to save workfile.

The MIDI (HerMIDI) support is not as fully-functional yet as it is in SID-Wizard.
You can play monophonic notes with automatic legato where notes overlap in time, no polyphonic mode exists yet.
There is no concept of channels, so TEDzakker receives note-events on all channels.
Also, you can select instruments, and type notes by MIDI-keyboard, but that's all for now about MIDI.

When you enter the Editor the screen layout might be familiar to you, it's similar to SID-Wizard.
The biggest difference is the vertical Orderlist at the left-hand side, which could be put there
thanks to the few amount of TED channels (2). If you still prefer the horizontal orderlist,
check out tedzakker-horiz.prg. (The orientation can be changed at build/assembly-time, see later.)
In the middle at the pattern-editor you can edit 2 patterns simultaneously which you most probably
select by pressing RETURN in orderlist-positions. Each pattern has 3 columns: Note, Instrument/FX, FX
Prepare in advance that composing for only 2 channels is quite a challenge and needs a prepared mind and some practice,
but well over-thought arrangements can still give a complete music experience. I abandoned the idea of
virtual 3rd channel which is used in some players (e.g. KnaeckeTraecker's) as I think the human brain's
combinational abilities can't be substituted by machine-code, and 3rd channel would take extra memory anyway,
despite being heard only occasionally at short times when one of the main channels (unlikely) doesn't play any note.
To the right you can see the instrument-editor. There are no common numeric settings (except instrument-name at the top),
all parameters of the instrument's sound will be set frame-by-frame in WF/FRQ/VOL tables. (See in 'Music Data' section.)
The numbers at the very top (first screen row) represent the following informational values:
SUBT:currently edited subtune, PT:currently selected pattern on channel, I:currently selected instrument on channel,
FS:framespeed (single-/multispeed), SP:speed/tempo on channels, O: currently selected octave for piano-keys

I prepared some VICE .vkm files (find them in subfolders of this folder), they could make the composing in VICE easier
by enabling PageUp/Down and Ins/Del, etc.
(To use the .vkm files, copy them to /usr/lib/vice/PLUS4 folder on Linux, or VICE data folder on the different platforms,
but you'd better back-up the original files before overwriting them.)
However, I advise to use real machines, they sound so much cleaner...
(VICE 2.4 sound emulation has a little flaw at the moment: you can hear ultrasound and $3FE, which are inaudible on
real Plus4/C16. Apart from this it's okay, but you may try Yape too, which has sound probably closer to the real
machine but key-layout might be less convenient.)

There's a built-in cheatsheet in TEDzakker (C=+H in editor), but here's a more complete list about
the keyboard-commands (nearly identical to SID-Wizard's)...
(Highly advised to watch with monospace character set for proper identations.):

a.playback:
-----------
PlayBegin F1 - play from beginning
PlayMark F2 - play from playmark (that's put into orderlist by Shift+SPACE / C=+SPACE)
PlayPatt. F3 - play pattern (looped)
Stop/Cont. F4 / RUNSTOP - stop or continue playback (stop-mode: when rasterbar is red, you can jam on piano keys)
PlayPos. Shift+SPACE in pattern-window plays patterns from current cursor-row
PutMark Shift+SPACE in orderlist puts playmark at cursor-position on both channels (C=+SPACE: only one)
FollowPlay Use C= (CBM) key together with F1..F4 / RUNSTOP in order to initiate follow-playback.
AutoFollow C=+ESC toggles Auto-follow mode, so you don't need to press C= with Function/STOP-keys.
ToggFollow Shift+ESC toggles follow mode anytime
FastForwrd ESC key does fast-forward while held down
MuteUnmute Shift + 1/2 mutes/unmutes channel1 or channel2

b.navigation
------------
GoPattern F5 / Shift+P - go to Pattern (F5 toggles Pattern / Orderlist if already in there)
GoOrderlst F6 / Shift+O / * - go to Orderlist (F6 toggles Orderlist / Pattern if already in there)
GoInstrum F7 / Shift+I - go to Instrument (F7 toggles Instrument/Pattern if already in there)
But of course you can simply navigate between parts of the screen easily by
cursor-keys thanks to the vertical orderlist.
Tabulate CTRL (TAB in VICE) and Shift+CONTROL can be used to move faster between windows/panels/tracks
GoToMenu F8 (HELP/F7) - go to Menu (and return from menu)
DisplayHelp C= + H - displays Help till the keys are held down (permanent help can be called from menu)
PageUp/Dn. / and Shift + / (PageUp/Down in VICE) can be used to go faster than cursor-keys.

c.selection
-----------
SelectInstr. + / - keys select instrument for jamming/editing
SelectPatt. Shift +/- selects pattern to edit in pattern-window
SelectInst2 RETURN in Pattern on instrument-numbers selects and goes to the instrument
SelectPatt2 RETURN in Orderlist selects patterns, Shift+RETURN selects only one channel's pattern
SelectOctave C= + 0..9 selects octave for jamming / entering notes
IncDecOctave C= and + / - increments/decrements octave
SelectSubtun C= and . / , selects Subtune

d.editing
---------
ToggleJamEdit SPACE - toggles editing / jamming modes (cursor flashes faster in editing-mode)
PutNote Q..P,2..9,Z..M,S..L keys are the actual 'piano' keys to put notes into patterns or jam them
DeleteNote A or 1 keys deletes the note at cursor-position in edit-mode
WriteHexValue 0..F keys can be used in orderlist, pattern instrument/fx column, and instrument-tables
PutNoteOnOff RETURN / Shift+RETURN in pattern puts Note-OFF or Note-ON
PutSlide Shift + U / D puts slide-up/down into note-column of pattern, hex-value can be typed, 0 removes
PutVibrato Shift+V puts vibrato into note-column of pattern, hex-value can be typed, 0 removes vibrato
PutLegatoSync Shift + L / S puts permanent legato or SYNC-mode in note-column, C= + L / S turns them off
PutPortamento Shift + T puts tone-portamento into note-column, speed can be typed as hex-value, 0 removes
DeletePattRow C= + DEL deletes a whole row without moving the rest below (unlike DEL and Shift+DEL)
SetPattLength C= + RETURN sets pattern-length pressed on a pattern-row
TransposePatt Shift + Q / W transposes pattern from cur.pos. a semitone up/down, C=+Q/W: octave up/down
CopyCutPaste C= + C / X / V copies orderlist-sequence or pattern from cursor-position, and instrument
(Cut/Copy/Paste functions are not included in C16 version due to memory limitations.)
CopyAreaEnd Shift + C can be used in orderlist/pattern to set end of copied area (C=+C set its start before)
NameInstrum. Shift + N - Name instrument (RETURN/ESC/cursor-down to exit from here)
NoteOffIndex Shift+SPACE in instrument-tables puts/removes a Note-OFF index at cursor-position
TableMultiSpd Shift+M in instrument tables enables/disables multispeed-mode of distinct WF/FRQ/VOL tables

e.settings
----------
SetAutoAdvance Shift+A toggles auto-advance of cursor after typing note/value
SetFrameSpeed Shift + F / G (and C=+F/G) increments/decrements framespeed (1...8)
SetFullJamMode C= + J - toggles full/partial jam-mode for SPACE (in fulljam mode no hex.values entered)
SetInsNoteMode C= + N toggles note/numeric entry and display mode in instrument-table

f.file-dialog
-------------
ReadDirectory F1 - Read/Re-read directory (in 'save'/'export' dialogs it's not done automatically, press F1 there)
NextDirPage F3 - If the directory doesn't fit into one page, you can list the next page of it by F3 (Page-Down)
SelectField CTRL (TAB in VICE) - use it to navigate between filename / author-info / filelist fields
SelectFile RETURN - pressing RETURN in the file-list (after selecting by cursor-keys) uses that entry as filename
ReturnToMenu F8 / STOP / ESC will return to the menu
(If an error occurs, it's displayed at the bottom of the screen. You'll be prompted to press any key in that case.)
(As you've probably guessed, you can edit the author-information only in 'save'/'export' file-dialogs before saving.)
(C16 version doesn't have a complete file-dialog. Press RETURN to list directory or enter load/save names directly.)



III.Music Data
==============


(I don't include examples here, you can see a lot of them in the example tunes.)
(Commodore16 version doesn't allow patterns/orderlists bigger than $20 rows, instrument-tables bigger than 15 rows, and
more than the amount of patterns, instruments that were mentioned in the features: max. 8 patterns and 6 instruments.
So don't try to load bigger music made in Plus4/C64 trackers or you'll get corrupt data as a result.
One example-tune called 'example-bare.tzw' works for C16 version, as it fits into the aferomentioned strict limitations.)

In general, Normal and Extra players can produce lower notes, than what's officially possible by TED (note A-2 or 108Hz).
This trick comes from the fact that the Noise-waveform no channel2 loops above a certain pitch,
and resembles more to a thin bass sound than white-noise. (Similar to clavinet/slapbass/picobass sounds...got the idea?)
I mapped the note-range C-0..G#2 to this 'noiseloop'-waveform (as I call it) so you can easily create melodies with it.
Though the musical pitch is not always precise and is so thin that an octave-doubling unisono on the 1st channel comes
handy in cases... But at least it adds some bass range to the TED...

Let's see the meanings of numeric values you can enter into orderlists, patterns, and instrument-tables:
$FF is the 'Jump' command everywhere (orderlist, instrument-tables),
and the value just following it represents the target of the jump.


a.Instrument-table values:
--------------------------
The commands entered into instrument-tables below each other are executed frame-by-frame when a note starts with
the selected instrument. The current row of execution is shown on the screen (with "<") when you play a note with
the instrument (piano-keys). The exception on the run-order is when you use $FF jump-command or you release the
note ('---' in pattern): If a Note-OFF index was specified for a table by Shift+SPACE, the execution goes there.
(That's useful for example to model a 'Release' phase of ADSR envelope in VOL-table.)

As already mentioned in the keys-section, Shift+M can be used in instrument-tables to toggle whether they're
executed on multispeed-framespeed-calls too. So e.g. if you make a 2x framespeed tune, but you don't want the
volume-envelope go faster, in normal/extra players it can be set to 'single'-speed. Actually that's the default
value for VOL table, while WF and FRQ are set to multispeed-mode by default (a 'square' shows up at table headers)

Of course the features above don't apply to all of the playertypes. On top of that, Commodore16 version of
TEDzakker has only 15 rows in its instrument-tables, we have to deal with that.

00 is the 'END' command, the execution of instrument table ends there. More ends can be given for an instrument,
which makes sense for Note-OFF indexes (or table-jumps)...

01..0F is 'delay'/'wait' command in each table (WF/FRQ/VOL), and it delays 1..F frames (screen-refresh intervals).
(The not-listed value-ranges shouldn't be used as they're are kept for upcoming expansions of the player.)

WF (waveform-table): (Attention: Noise waveform only makes sense on 2nd channel! Don't be surprised if it's odd on channel1.)
--------------------
($10 SYNC-bit creates some metallic sounds such es ringmodulation ones on C64)
20..2F : Pulse waveform (50% pulsewidth / duty cycle) with duration 00..0E frames; or $2F: start with 'short 1ms clicknoise'
30..3F : Pulse waveform + SYNC (synchronizes/initializes the oscillator at every player-call / frame / multispeed-frame)
40..4F : Noise waveform (only on 2nd channel. 1st channel also sets it but not the frequency of channel2)
50..5F : Noise waveform + SYNC (synchronizes/initializes the oscillator at every player-call; has stronger effect in VICE)
60..6F : Silence (switch off waveform to put gaps in the sound for chopping/staccatto, etc.)
80..FE : Pulse waveform + PHASE (delays the counter/oscillator by $00..$7E * .
(If you use different PHASE between channels identical in pitch, you can create some non-50% stable pulsewidth sounds)
(To simulate pulsewidth-modulation, slight detune/vibrato effect on one of the channels is the preferred cleaner way.)
2nd Nybble in details: 1..E: defines duration of the current WF-row in frames
F: in first row of WF-table adds short circa 1ms whitenoise-click to the sound then sets waveform of 1st Nybble

FRQ (frequency/pitch table): (remember? 00:END, 01..0F: wait/repeat, FF: jump)
----------------------------
10..1F : Pitch-Slide Up (the same number as Slide-Up pattern-FX)
20..2F : Pitch-Slide Down (the same number as Slide-Down pattern-FX)
30..3F : Detune Upwards (permanent until 0 detune is set, good to create some chorus effect between identical channel-notes)
40..5F : Relative note-shift upwards (for arpeggios/chords)
60 : Incremental vibrato. Next value below holds: rate in 1st Nybble, increment in 2nd
7F..61 : Relative note-shift downwards (for arpeggios/chords)
80 : Vibrato. Next value below it holds: rate in 1st Nybble, amplitude in 2nd Nybble
81..FE : Absolute pitch: $81..$F8:note-pitches of C-0..H-9, $F9..$FE:direct TED pitches $3F9..$3FE

VOL (note-volume/ADSR table): (00:END, 01..0F: wait or repeat fade, FF: jump)
-----------------------------
10..1F : Note-Volume Fade-In (Increase), like 'Attack' of ADSR, but a volume-setting should preceed it
20..2F : Note-Volume Fade-Out (Decrease), like 'Decay'/'Release' of ADSR, but volume-setting should preceed it
30..3F : Set Note-Volume with 'Priorized' mixing-mode (the common volume is strictly set by this channel)
40..4F : Set Note-Volume with 'Louder' mixing-mode (the common volume is set by the louder channel)
50..5F : Set Note-Volume with 'Average' mixing-mode (the common volume is the average of channel 1 and 2)
(When a note-volume reaches 0, its waveform is disabled and it doesn't take part in the mixing thereafter.)
($4x 'louder' mixing mode has priority over $5x 'average' mode. If both channels use $3x, 2nd channel is priorized.)


b.Pattern-values
----------------
00 is the 'NOP' (no-process) value for the patterns, it's an empty note/ins/fx that does nothing ('...')

The FX-values in Note-column are accessible through piano-keys and Shift+L/U/D/T/V/S, see above at keys-section.
(Shift+L turns on permanent legato mode until it's turned off by placing legato-off with C=+L.)

Instrument-column can select 01..3E instruments, $3F value is temporary legato, just for one row.
Above $40, instrument-column can perform the same effects as the last FX-column:

Effect (FX) column Pattern-Effects: (Don't use any value above $C0, that's kept for pattern-compression.)
-----------------------------------
00..0F : Duration of current pattern-row (given in frames)
10..1F : Pitch-Slide Up (same number as Slide-Up in instrument-table, they can clash)
20..2F : Pitch-Slide Down (same number as Slide-Down in instr.-table, they can clash)
30..3F : Portamento (automatic slide to the note on the current pattern-row)
40..4F : WF-table jump (e.g. selecting different phases or altering waveform/SYNC from pattern)
50..5F : Note-Volume (overriding note-volume. Only extra/normal/medium players can perform it on the same row as the note)
60..6F : VOL-table jump (e.g. setting different note-volume in light/bare/demo players on the same row as the note)
70..7F : FRQ-table jump (e.g. using a different arpeggio-chord inside the same instrument)
80..8F : Vibrato Amplitude (extra/normal has gentle-vibrato setting avoiding pitch-drift, can clash with instrument-table)
90..9F : Detune upwards (permanent until detune of value 0 is set)
A1..AF : Main Volume setting 0..F (no total silence, that saves some rastertime, but silence can be made in other ways)
B0..BF : Track-tempo setting 0..F

(As you can see there's no setting for vibrato-rate. There's a default rate of 2 in 'extra' player, but if there's a
vibrato-rate given in FRQ instrument-table, that will be used. It is necessary to give vibrato rate in other players.)
(If you don't set any tempo in patterns/orderlists, the default tempo-value set at tune-initialization is 6.)
(Main volume 1..F is mapped to the 0..8 values of TED, so mostly you get difference at every 2nd value when you fade.)


c.Orderlist-values: (Sequences for channel 1 and 2)
-------------------
$00 is the 'END' value, playback ends there. (Note decay / fade-out and instrument-table execution still continues.)
$01..$64 are the pattern-numbers to be played in order as they're given in orderlist channels (theoretical limit is $7F)

$8F..$80:Transpose Down the channel by -1..-15 semitones (musical key-change)
$90..$9F:Transpose Up the channel by 0..15 semitones (musical key-change)
$A0..$AF:Main Volume setting 0..F (the same number and same effect as the corresponding Pattern-FX)
$B0..$CF:Tempo / Funktempo / Tempo-Program setting $00..$1F (consequent tempo-settings program the funktempo/tempo-table)
$D0..$DF:Detune upwards (permanent until detune of value 0 is set, useful to save memory by using the same patterns)
$E1..$EF:Main Volume Fade-Out with speed 0..F (only in 'extra' player, from 1 second up to cca 18 seconds)
$FF :Jump to orderlist position (given in next row) on the channel (if you type $80..$8F as jump-target, it jumps subtune)
(Tempo-program can have maximum 8 entries, but that should be quite enough. Don't use consequent $BX more than 8 times.)



IV. Saving, Exporting, Usage of the exported Tunes:
===================================================

Don't forget anytime to save the tune as 'Workfile' (.tzw.prg) before exporting it. Exported tunes can't be loaded back (yet).
(Instruments can also be saved individually, their extension wiss be '.tzi.prg'.)

There's a convenience function in the menu to 'Export Runnable' which automatically creates a starter-program
and relocates the tune to $1100, then saves all together as a .tzr.prg file you can simply load and run later.
(It supports multispeed tunes, but doesn't have subtune-change feature yet, only the first subtune will be listenable.)

To include a tune in programs/demos/etc., you first have to relocate it to the desired address with +/- keys in the menu
at 'Export Playable' menupoint, and then press RETURN on the same menupoint to actually export it as 'playable' (.tzp.prg).
The exported playable can be initialized and played by the conventional scheme,
where 'PlayerAddress' is the relocated tune's base-address (load-startaddress):
PlayerAddress+0 : Initialize the player, Input: Subtune-number in Accumulator ($00..$0F) (light/medium/normal/extra players)
PlayerAddress+3 : Play the tune - this 'Single-call' should be called every PAL video-frame (screen-refresh / v-blank period)
PlayerAddress+6 : Multispeed-call - normal/extra players provide a distinct call for multispeed, it runs only instrument-tables,
while tempo/pattern/orderlist advance and note/instrument-starts are handled in 'single' call
PlayerAddress+9 : MainVolume set/fadeout - if Accumulator = $00..$0F , the main-volume can be set externally,
if Accumulator = $10..$FF , fade-out of main-volume can be initiated (1..18 seconds)



V.Building/Assembling TEDzakker
===============================

The source-codes (tedzakker.asm, player.asm, HerMIDI-Plus4.asm) are in '64tass' format. I used 64tass v1.51.584,
and any never version should be able to assemble TEDzakker binaries with all the preprocessor-directives.
The Makefile handles all the assembling process (likely to be given in Linux), but if you don't have make, the
TEDzakker binary with default settings (Plus4 target, Normal-player, vertical orderlist)
can be assembled by the following command-line:
64tass tedzakker.asm -o outputname.prg

There are some definitions that can be given from command-line with '-D' arguments (see in Makefile, how):
-D MACHINE=0..2 ( Values: 0:Commodore 16, 1:Commodore Plus4, 2:Commodore 64 )
-D PLAYERTYPE=0..5 ( Values: 0:Normal, 1:Medium, 2:Light, 3:Extra, 4:Bare, 5:Demo )
-D HORIZONTAL_ORDERLIST=0/1 ( Values: 0:Vertical Orderlist, 1:Horizontal Orderlist )

The finer details for MACHINE can be found in 'tedzakker.asm' if you want to refine features of Plus4/C16/C64 versions.
and details for PLAYERTYPE can be found in 'player.asm' in case you need to customize or create a new player-type,
maximum amount of instruments/patterns/subtunes can be adjusted in 'player.asm' as well.



VI. Closing words:
==================

I wish you a nice experience with TEDzakker by exploring the yet scarcely utilized capabilities of TED.
In case you need further help don't hesitate to reach me at hermitsoft@users.sourceforge.net or through PM at CSDB.

October 2015
Hermit Software Hungary (Mihaly Horvath)
hermitsoft@users.sourceforge.net

Copyright © Plus/4 World Team, 2001-2017